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Seminar at KIT

June 2022


Philippe Goldner visited the Karlsruher Institute of Technology (KIT) where he gave a seminar entitled 'Emerging rare earth-based platforms for optical quantum technologies'. He also took the chance to visit Pr. David Hunger's group (in the picture).

New article published in Phys. Rev. B

May 2022

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In this we investigate the optical and spin properties of 171Yb3+ ions in LiNbO3 bulk crystals as well as implanted waveguides. Using hole-burning spectroscopy and optically detected magnetic resonance, we studied ground and excited state hyperfine structures and probed optical and spin spectral holes. Importantly, the hole linewidths suggest that part of the ions in the waveguides are in a similar environment as in the bulk sample. We furthermore characterized spin population relaxation and coherence lifetimes of 171Yb3+ ions in the bulk crystal at temperatures between 50 mK and 9 K. At low temperatures, T2 up to 9.5 μs (34 kHz homogeneous linewidth) and spin relaxation rates as long as ≈100 ms were measured.

Link to article

Philippe receives the CNRS Silver Medal

March 2022


The silver medal recognizes researchers for the originality, quality and importance of their work, recognized nationally and internationally.

New paper in Nature

March 2022


In this paper, we report on europium molecular crystals that exhibit linewidths in the tens of kilohertz range, orders of magnitude narrower than those of other molecular systems. We harness this property to demonstrate efficient optical spin initialization, coherent storage of light using an atomic frequency comb, and optical control of ion–ion interactions towards implementation of quantum gates. These results illustrate the utility of rare-earth molecular crystals as a new platform for photonic quantum technologies that combines highly coherent emitters with the unmatched versatility in composition, structure and integration capability of molecular materials.

Check press release, reports and interviews also in  French!

New birefrigence analysis instrument

November 2021


This new birefringence measurement tool is composed of a camera mounted onto a microscope. It has been acquired thanks to the support of the regional network on quantum technologies SIRTEQ . Thanks to this instrument, strain and defects in diamond material can be imaged at the microscopic scale. It is particularly critical since they are known to affect the performance of diamond based sensors that use colour centres in this material.

New paper on thin rare-earth oxide films

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In this new paper we study the properties of CVD grown europium doped Y2O3 thin films. We apply a series of annealing post-treatment on a multi-layer architecture to improve the optical properties. We achieve a record ultra-narrow homogeneous linewidth of 5 MHz inferred from spectral hole width. The results are published in Materials Advances.

e-DIAMANT project launched on 01/11/2021


This Equipex project is coordinated by ENS Paris Saclay (JF Roch) and gathers several academics and one company. It will allow us to mature the technologies that use diamod colour centres for magnetic sensing. The project will address the entire fabrication chain from the diamond synthesis to the end-user of the device. In our team we will be equipped with an implantation and post-treatment system. To know more

Pauline Perrin and Valentin Grand d'Esnon join  CQSD


We are glad to welcome in the team two new PhD students: Pauline Perrin, former student from EC Lyon and working on hybrid rare-earth diamond materials, and Valentin Grand d'Esnon, former student at Chimie Paristech, and working on Rare-earth nanoparticles for quantum technologies.

PhD defense of Nao Harada


Nao Harada successfully defended his PhD thesis on October 19, 2021. Congratulations! He gave a presentation on the elaboration of rare earth doped thin film oxide by CVD for quantum optical technologies. This 3-year PhD project has been funded by the SQUARE project (EU flagship).

Paper published in Nature Communications

June 2021

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This article, entitled "Dynamic control of Purcell enhanced emission of erbium ions in nanoparticles" uses fast modulation of the resonance frequency of a fiber coupled micro-cavity to change the emission properties of erbium doped nanoparticles. This work is a collaboration with the ICFO (Barcelona, Spain) and KIT (Karlsruhe, Germany) institutes.

Link to the paper.

Paper published in Nature Communications

April, 2021


This work done in collaboration with the Karlsruhe Institut of Technology (Germany) and the University of Strasbourg (France) is entitled "Optical spin-state polarization in a binuclear europium complex towards molecule-based coherent light-spin interfaces". It reports a first measurement of optical homogeneous linewidth in a rare-earth molecular crystal, demonstrating also optical nuclear spin-state initialization.

Link to the paper.

Philippe awarded an ERC Advanced grant

April, 2021


The projet RareDiamond has been selected in the ERC Advanced Grant call 2020. We will develop new hybrid materials that combine rare earth ions and color centrer in diamond.


links: ERC - CNRS - Chimie ParisTech 

Philippe awarded 'Star of Europe 2020' for NanOQTech

December 16, 2020

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Philippe receives one of the 'Etoiles de l'Europe' (Stars of Europe) awards from the French Ministry of Higher Education and Research, for his coordination work in NanOQTech and engagement with EU research. The awards ceremony took place on December 16, 2020.  

D. Serrano, S. K. Kuppusamy, B. Heinrich, O. Fuhr, D. Hunger, M. Ruben, and P. Goldner, Ultra-Narrow Optical Linewidths in Rare-Earth Molecular Crystals, Nature 603, 241 (2022).


E. Lafitte-Houssat, A. Ferrier, M. Afzelius, P. Berger, L. Morvan, S. Welinski, and P. Goldner, Optical homogeneous and inhomogeneous linewidths in 171Yb3+:Y2SiO5, Оптика и спектроскопия 130, 23 (2022).

P. Balasubramanian, C. Osterkamp, O. Brinza, M. Rollo, I. Robert-Philip, P. Goldner, V. Jacques, F. Jelezko, J. Achard, A. Tallaire, Enhancement of the creation yield of NV ensembles in a chemically vapour deposited diamond, Carbon 194, 282-289 (2022)

P. Stevenson, C. M. Phenicie, I. Gray, S. P. Horvath, S. Welinski, A. M. Ferrenti, A. Ferrier, P. Goldner, S. Das, R. Ramesh, R. J. Cava, N. P. De Leon, J. D. Thompson, Erbium-implanted materials for quantum communication applications Physical Review B 105 (22), 2241062 (2022)


J. Alexander, G. Dold, O. W. Kennedy, M. Šimėnas, J. O'Sullivan, C. W. Zollitsch, S. Welinski, A. Ferrier, E. Lafitte-Houssat, Tobias Lindström, Philippe Goldner, John JL Morton, Coherent spin dynamics of rare-earth doped crystals in the high-cooperativity regime, arXiv preprint arXiv:2206.04027 (2022)


F. Chiossi, E. Lafitte-Houssat, K. Xia, F. Sardi, Z. Zhang, S. Welinski, P. Berger, L. Morvan, V. Foteinou, A. Ferrier, D. Serrano, R. Kolesov, J. Wrachtrup, P. Goldner, Photon echo, spectral hole burning, and optically detected magnetic resonance in : bulk crystal and waveguidesPhysical Review B 105 (18), 184115 (2022)


M. Businger, L. Nicolas, T. Sanchez Mejia, A. Ferrier, P. Goldner, M. Afzelius, Remote distribution of non-classical correlations over 1250 modes between a telecom photon and a Yb:YSiO crystal, arXiv preprint arXiv:2205.01481 (2022)


E. Lafitte-Houssat, A. Ferrier, S. Welinski, L. Morvan, M. Afzelius, P. Berger, P. Goldner, Optical and spin inhomogeneous linewidths in 171Yb3+: Y2SiO5,  Optical Materials: X 14, 100153 (2022)


M. Rančić, M. Le Dantec, S. Lin, S. Bertaina, T. Chanelière, D. Serrano, P.  Goldner, R. B. Liu, E. Flurin, D. Estève, D. Vion, P. Bertet, Electron-spin spectral diffusion in an erbium doped crystal at millikelvin temperatures, arXiv preprint arXiv:2203.15012 (2022)


Z. Wang, Z. Wang, M. Le Dantec, M. Rancic, E. Flurin, D. Vion, D. Esteve, P. Bertet, P. Goldner, T. Chaneliere, S. Bertaina, S. Lin, R. B. Liu, A. Ferrier, Persistent spectral hole burning and atomic frequency comb at microwave frequency in Er3+: CaWO4, Bulletin of the American Physical Society (2022)


M. L. Dantec, M. Rančić, S. Lin, E. Billaud, V. Ranjan, D. Flanigan, S. Bertaina, T. Chanelière, P. Goldner, A. Erb, R. B. Liu, D. Estève, D. Vion, E. Flurin, and P. Bertet, Thirty millisecond electron-spin coherence in an erbium doped crystal, Bulletin of the American Physical Society (2022)


C. Becher, W. Gao, S. Kar, C. Marciniak, T. Monz, J. G Bartholomew, P. Goldner, H. Loh, E. Marcellina, K. E. Johnson Goh, T. Seng Koh, B. Weber, Z. Mu, J-Y. Tsai, Q. Yan, S. Gyger, S. Steinhauer, V. Zwiller, Roadmap for Materials for Quantum Technologies, arXiv preprint arXiv:2202.073091 (2022)


M. Dudek, M. Szalkowski, M. Misiak, M. Ćwierzona, A. Skripka, Z. Korczak, D. Piątkowski, P. Woźniak, R. Lisiecki, P. Goldner, S. Maćkowski, E. M. Chan, P. J. Schuck, A. Bednarkiewicz, Size‐Dependent Photon Avalanching in Tm3+ Doped LiYF4 Nano, Micro, and Bulk Crystals, Advanced Optical Materials, 2201052 (2022)


N. Harada, A. Tallaire, D. Serrano, A. Seyeux, P. Marcus, X. Portier, C. Labbé, P. Goldner, A. Ferrier, Controlling the interfacial reactions and environment of rare-earth ions in thin oxide films towards wafer-scalable quantum technologies, Mater. Adv. (2021).

​L. Mehmel, R. Issaoui, O. Brinza, A. Tallaire, V. Mille, J. Delchevalrie, S. Saada, J.C. Arnault, F. Bénédic, J. Achard, Dislocation density reduction using overgrowth on hole arrays made in heteroepitaxial diamond substrates, Appl. Phys. Lett. 118 (2021) 061901.

P. Huillery, J. Leibold, T. Delord, L. Nicolas, J. Achard, A. Tallaire, G. Hétet, Coherent microwave control of a nuclear spin ensemble at room temperature, Phys. Rev. B. 103 (2021) L140102.


C. Pellet-Mary, P. Huillery, M. Perdriat, A. Tallaire, G. Hétet, Optical detection of paramagnetic defects in diamond grown by chemical vapor deposition, Phys. Rev. B. 103 (2021) L100411.

N. Harada, A. Tallaire, D. Serrano, A. Seyeux, P. Marcus, X. Portier, C. Labbé, P. Goldner, A. Ferrier, Controlling the interfacial reactions and environment of rare-earth ions in thin oxide films towards wafer-scalable quantum technologies, Mater. Adv. (2021).

P. Stevenson, C. M. Phenicie, I. Gray, S. P. Horvath, S. Welinski, A. M. Ferrenti, A. Ferrier, P. Goldner, S. Das, R. Ramesh, R. J. Cava, N. P. de Leon, and J. D. Thompson, Erbium-Implanted Materials for Quantum Communication Applications, ArXiv:2110.04876 [Cond-Mat, Physics:Quant-Ph] (2021).

D. Serrano, K. S. Kumar, B. Heinrich, O. Fuhr, D. Hunger, M. Ruben, and P. Goldner, Rare-Earth Molecular Crystals with Ultra-Narrow Optical Linewidths for Photonic Quantum Technologies, ArXiv (2021).

S. Mothkuri, M. F. Reid, J.-P. R. Wells, E. Lafitte-Houssat, P. Goldner, and A. Ferrier, Electron-Nuclear Interactions as a Test of Crystal Field Parameters for Low-Symmetry Systems: Zeeman Hyperfine Spectroscopy of Ho3+ -Doped Y2SiO5, Phys. Rev. B 103, 104109 (2021).

K. S. Kumar, D. Serrano, A. M. Nonat, B. Heinrich, L. Karmazin, L. J. Charbonnière, P. Goldner, and M. Ruben, Optical Spin-State Polarization in a Binuclear Europium Complex towards Molecule-Based Coherent Light-Spin Interfaces, Nat Commun 12, 2152 (2021).

A. Kinos, D. Hunger, R. Kolesov, K. Mølmer, H. de Riedmatten, P. Goldner, A. Tallaire, L. Morvan, P. Berger, S. Welinski, K. Karrai, L. Rippe, S. Kröll, and A. Walther, Roadmap for Rare-Earth Quantum Computing, ArXiv:2103.15743 [Quant-Ph] (2021).

M. L. Dantec, M. Rančić, S. Lin, E. Billaud, V. Ranjan, D. Flanigan, S. Bertaina, T. Chanelière, P. Goldner, A. Erb, R. B. Liu, D. Estève, D. Vion, E. Flurin, and P. Bertet, Twenty-Three Millisecond Electron Spin Coherence of Erbium Ions in a Natural-Abundance Crystal, ArXiv:2106.14974 [Cond-Mat, Physics:Quant-Ph] (2021).

B. Casabone, C. Deshmukh, S. Liu, D. Serrano, A. Ferrier, T. Hümmer, P. Goldner, D. Hunger, and H. de Riedmatten, Dynamic Control of Purcell Enhanced Emission of Erbium Ions in Nanoparticles, Nat Commun 12, 3570 (2021).

Y. Alizadeh, J.-P. R. Wells, M. F. Reid, A. Ferrier, and P. Goldner, Laser Site-Selective Spectroscopy of Nd3+-Doped Y2SiO5, Journal of Luminescence 234, 117959 (2021).

Z. Zhang, A. Louchet-Chauvet, L. Morvan, P. Berger, P. Goldner, and A. Ferrier, Tailoring the 3F4 Level Lifetime in Tm3+: Y3Al5O12 by Eu3+ Co-Doping for Signal Processing Application, J. Lumin. 222, 117107 (2020).

S. Zhang, N. Lučić, N. Galland, R. Le Targat, P. Goldner, B. Fang, S. Seidelin, and Y. Le Coq, Precision Measurements of Electric-Field-Induced Frequency Displacements of an Ultranarrow Optical Transition in Ions in a Solid, Appl. Phys. Lett. 117, 221102 (2020).

S. Welinski, A. Tiranov, M. Businger, A. Ferrier, M. Afzelius, and P. Goldner, Coherence Time Extension by Large-Scale Optical Spin Polarization in a Rare-Earth Doped Crystal, Phys. Rev. X 10, 031060 (2020).

A. Tallaire, O. Brinza, P. Huillery, T. Delord, C. Pellet-Mary, R. Staacke, B. Abel, S. Pezzagna, J. Meijer, N. Touati, L. Binet, A. Ferrier, P. Goldner, G. Hétet, and J. Achard, High NV Density in a Pink CVD Diamond Grown with N2O Addition, Carbon 170, 421 (2020).

M. Scarafagio, A. Tallaire, M.-H. Chavanne, M. Cassir, A. Ringuedé, D. Serrano, P. Goldner, and A. Ferrier, Improving the Luminescent Properties of Atomic Layer Deposition Eu:Y2O3 Thin Films through Optimized Thermal Annealing, Phys. Stat. Sol. (a) 46, 1900909 (2020).

A. Louchet-Chauvet, P. Berger, P. Nouchi, D. Dolfi, A. Ferrier, P. Goldner, and L. Morvan, Telecom Wavelength Optical Processor for Wideband Spectral Analysis of Radiofrequency Signals, Laser Phys. 30, 066203 (2020).

S. Liu, A. Fossati, D. Serrano, A. Tallaire, A. Ferrier, and P. Goldner, Defect Engineering for Quantum Grade Rare-Earth Nanocrystals, ACS Nano 14, 9953 (2020).

N. Harada, A. Ferrier, D. Serrano, M. Persechino, E. Briand, R. Bachelet, I. Vickridge, J.-J. Ganem, P. Goldner, and A. Tallaire, Chemically Vapor Deposited Eu 3+:Y 2O 3thin Films as a Material Platform for Quantum Technologies, J. Appl. Phys. 128, 055304 (2020).

A. Fossati, S. Liu, J. Karlsson, A. Ikesue, A. Tallaire, A. Ferrier, D. Serrano, and P. Goldner, A Frequency-Multiplexed Coherent Electro-Optic Memory in Rare Earth Doped Nanoparticles, Nano Lett. 20, 7087 (2020).

A. Ferrier, N. Harada, M. Scarafagio, E. Briand, J.-J. Ganem, I. Vickridge, A. Seyeux, P. Marcus, D. Serrano, P. Goldner, and A. Tallaire, Harnessing Atomic Layer Deposition and Diffusion to Spatially Localize Rare-Earth Ion Emitters, J. Phys. Chem. C 124, 19725 (2020).

F. J. Caixeta, A. R. N. Bastos, A. M. P. Botas, L. S. Rosa, V. S. Souza, F. H. Borges, A. N. C. Neto, A. Ferrier, P. Goldner, L. D. Carlos, R. R. Gonçalves, and R. A. S. Ferreira, High-Quantum-Yield Upconverting Er 3+/Yb 3+-Organic–Inorganic Hybrid Dual Coatings for Real-Time Temperature Sensing and Photothermal Conversion, J. Phys. Chem. C 124, 19892 (2020).

D. Cano, A. Ferrier, K. Soundarapandian, A. Reserbat-Plantey, M. Scarafagio, A. Tallaire, A. Seyeux, P. Marcus, H. de Riedmatten, P. Goldner, F. H. L. Koppens, and K.-J. Tielrooij, Fast Electrical Modulation of Strong Near-Field Interactions between Erbium Emitters and Graphene, Nat. Commun. 11, 1 (2020).

M. Businger, A. Tiranov, K. T. Kaczmarek, S. Welinski, Z. Zhang, A. Ferrier, P. Goldner, and M. Afzelius, Optical Spin-Wave Storage in a Solid-State Hybridized Electron-Nuclear Spin Ensemble, Phys. Rev. Lett. 124, 053606 (2020).

S. Zhang, N. Galland, N. Lucic, R. Le Targat, A. Ferrier, P. Goldner, B. Fang, Y. Le Coq, and S. Seidelin, "Inhomogeneous response of an ion ensemble from mechanical stress," Phys. Rev. Research 2, 013306 (2020).


N. Galland, N. Lucic, S. Zhang, H. Alvarez-Martinez, R. Le Targat, A. Ferrier, P. Goldner, B. Fang, S. Seidelin, and Y. Le Coq, "Double-heterodyne probing for an ultra-stable laser based on spectral hole burning in a rare-earth-doped crystal," Opt. Lett. 45, 1930–4 (2020). •


N. Galland, N. Lucic, B. Fang, S. Zhang, R. Le Targat, A. Ferrier, P. Goldner, S. Seidelin, and Y. Le Coq, "Mechanical Tunability of an Ultranarrow Spectral Feature of a Rare-Earth-Doped Crystal via Uniaxial Stress," Phys. Rev. Applied 13, 044022 (2020).

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