We design and grow rare earth doped crystals in which we aim at controlling optical and spin non-classical states. These materials, produced in the form of bulk and nanostructured single crystals, show extremely long-lived quantum states at low temperature. This unique property in the solid state enables us to address a broad range of applications, from quantum information processing and communication, to spectral analysis and medical imaging.
We belong to the Material for Photonics and Opto-Electronics team of the Institut de Recherche de Chimie Paris. The Institute is a joint unit between Chimie ParisTech graduate school and the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique.
To meet the high demands of quantum technologies, systems with multiple quantum degrees of freedom that can be addressed by light and coupled to other quantum systems in hybrid architectures are strongly needed. We aim at building such devices from solid-state nanostructures that exploit the uniquely narrow optical transitions of rare earth ions. We expect these devices to have a strong impact on quantum communication, quantum sensing and quantum opto-electronics.
A key point of nanoscale quantum systems is to preserve long-lived quantum states despite the larger environmental noise present at surfaces and interfaces, or originating in additional defects.
We develop rare earth doped nanocrystals and thin films with high crystalline quality and purity by bottom-up approaches based on soft chemistry and other techniques. The combination of structural characterization and optical spectroscopy allows us to synthesize nanostructures with low perturbations to the optical quantum states. High performance materials can be used to build hybrid devices, where ions like europium or erbium can provide a quantum interface between light and other quantum systems.
Quantum memories are devices capable of faithfully storing photonic quantum states into matter. Their applications include long distance quantum cryptography and more generally quantum networks. Rare-earth ions are promising candidates for solid-state quantum memories, because of the long-lived superposition states of their optical and spin transitions.
We investigate crystals with multiple degrees of freedom, in which quantum states can be transferred between optical, electron and nuclear spins. In this way, quantum interfaces can be achieved between propagating quantum bits (optical and microwave photons), and long-lived quantum bits (nuclear spins). We aim at increasing quantum states lifetimes by material design and control techniques based on external electromagnetic fields. We also study schemes for improved quantum memories in terms of storage times, efficiency or bandwidth.
High temperature crystal growth techniques are used to produce state of the art samples doped with rare earth ions like europium (optical memories) or neodymium (optical and microwave memories). Optical coherent and high resolution spectroscopy, spectral hole burning, as well as optically detected magnetic resonance allow us to determine all relevant parameters and investigate memory schemes.
Single crystals for quantum memories
Nanostructures for hybrid quantum systems
Long-lived quantum states translate into narrow linewidths. Thus, rare earth doped crystals can exhibit extremely narrow optical linewidths, in the range of a few kHz or even a few 100 Hz in some cases. This enables highly selective spectral filtering that has applications in acousto-optic medical imaging, laser frequency stabilization for metrology or wireless and radar signal analysis.
We develop crystals in which a strong optical absorption line can be tailored to create narrow transmission windows. These features, called spectral holes, can then be used as a frequency reference or a filter. As an example, for deep tissue imaging in the infrared, we grow thulium doped crystals that can filter light that interacted with ultrasound waves. In this way, the optical signal provides images that carry additional information compared to ultrasound only diagnostic. We also investigate transparent ceramics as an alternative to single crystals. These materials can be produced in large volumes and complex shapes that can benefit to spectral analysis applications, while showing linewidths nearly as narrow as the best single crystals.
Post-doctoral researcher position
We are looking for a post-doctoral researcher to work on spin dynamics in single crystals.
The announcement can be found here.
T. Chanelière, A. Chauvet, Laboratoire Aimé Cotton (France)
Y. Le Coq, SYRTE (France)
F. Ramaz, Institut Langevin (France)
H. Vezin, LASIR (France)
J. Petit, ONERA (France)
L. Morvan, P. Berger, Thales Research and Technology (France)
G. Hétet, Laboratoire Pierre Aigrain (France)
J. Achard, Laboratoire des Sciences des Procédés et des Matériaux (France)
L. Coolen, A. Maître, Institut des NanoSciences de Paris (France)
S. Kröll, Lund University (Sweden)
M. Afzelius, N. Gisin, University of Geneva (Switzerland)
F. Koppens and H. de Riedmatten, ICFO (Spain)
T. Halfmann, University of Darmstadt (Germany)
D. Hunger, T. Haensch, LMU Munich (Germany)
A. Ikesue, World Lab Co. (Japan)
D. Suter, Université de Dortmund (Germany)
C. Thiel, Roger Macfarlane and Rufus Cone, Montana State University (USA)
J. Morton, University College London (UK)
L. Bausa, Autonomous University of Madrid (Spain)
M. Tonelli, University of Pisa (Italy)
R. Gonçalves, University of São Paulo (Brazil)
A. Faraon, Caltech (USA)
S. Zhang, N. Galland, N. Lucic, R. Le Targat, A. Ferrier, P. Goldner, B. Fang, Y. Le Coq, and S. Seidelin, "Inhomogeneous response of an ion ensemble from mechanical stress," Phys. Rev. Research 2, 013306 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevResearch.2.013306
N. Galland, N. Lucic, S. Zhang, H. Alvarez-Martinez, R. Le Targat, A. Ferrier, P. Goldner, B. Fang, S. Seidelin, and Y. Le Coq, "Double-heterodyne probing for an ultra-stable laser based on spectral hole burning in a rare-earth-doped crystal," Opt. Lett. 45, 1930–4 (2020). •https://doi.org/10.1364/OL.389833
N. Galland, N. Lucic, B. Fang, S. Zhang, R. Le Targat, A. Ferrier, P. Goldner, S. Seidelin, and Y. Le Coq, "Mechanical Tunability of an Ultranarrow Spectral Feature of a Rare-Earth-Doped Crystal via Uniaxial Stress," Phys. Rev. Applied 13, 044022 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevApplied.13.044022
M. De Feudis, A. Tallaire, L. Nicolas, O. Brinza, P. Goldner, G. Hétet, F. Bénédic, and J. Achard, "Large‐Scale Fabrication of Highly Emissive Nanodiamonds by Chemical Vapor Deposition with Controlled Doping by SiV and GeV Centers from a Solid Source," Adv. Mater. Interfaces 1901408 (2019).
T. Zhong and P. Goldner, "Emerging rare-earth doped material platforms for quantum nanophotonics," Nanophotonics 8, 2003–2015 (2019).
A. Tallaire, O. Brinza, M. De Feudis, A. Ferrier, N. Touati, L. Binet, L. Nicolas, T. Delord, G. Hétet, T. Herzig, S. Pezzagna, P. Goldner, and J. Achard, "Synthesis of Loose Nanodiamonds Containing Nitrogen-Vacancy Centers for Magnetic and Thermal Sensing," ACS Appl. Nano Mater. acsanm.9b01395 (2019).
D. Serrano, C. Deshmukh, S. Liu, A. Tallaire, A. Ferrier, H. de Riedmatten, P. Goldner, Coherent optical and spin spectroscopy of nanoscale Pr3+:Y2O3, Physical Review B, 100 (2019) 144304.
J. Karges, O. Blacque, M. Jakubaszek, B. Goud, P. Goldner, and G. Gasser, "Systematic investigation of the antiproliferative activity of a series of ruthenium terpyridine complexes," Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry 198, 110752 (2019).
J. Karges, O. Blacque, P. Goldner, H. Chao, and G. Gasser, "Towards Long Wavelength Absorbing Photodynamic Therapy Photosensitizers via the Extension of a [Ru(bipy) 3] 2+Core," Eur. J. Inorg. Chem. 2019, 3704–3712 (2019).
S. P. Horvath, J. V. Rakonjac, Y. H. Chen, J. J. Longdell, P. Goldner, J.-P. R. Wells, and M. F. Reid, "Extending Phenomenological Crystal-Field Methods to C1 Point-Group Symmetry: Characterization of the Optically Excited Hyperfine Structure of 167Er3+∶Y2SiO5," Phys. Rev. Lett. 123, 057401 (2019).
S. Welinski, P.J.T. Woodburn, N. Lauk, R.L. Cone, C. Simon, P. Goldner, C.W. Thiel, Electron Spin Coherence in Optically Excited States of Rare-Earth Ions for Microwave to Optical Quantum Transducers, Physical Review Letters, 122 (2019) 247401.
N. L. Jobbitt, S. J. Patchett, Y. Alizadeh, M. F. Reid, J.-P. R. Wells, S. P. Horvath, J. J. Longdell, A. Ferrier, and P. Goldner, "Transferability of Crystal-Field Parameters for Rare-Earth Ions in Y2SiO5 Tested by Zeeman Spectroscopy," Phys. Solid State 61, 780–784 (2019).
G. Dold, C.W. Zollitsch, J. O’Sullivan, S. Welinski, A. Ferrier, P. Goldner, S.E. de Graaf, T. Lindström, J.J.L. Morton, High-Cooperativity Coupling of a Rare-Earth Spin Ensemble to a Superconducting Resonator Using Yttrium Orthosilicate as a Substrate, Physical Review Applied, 11 (2019) 054082.
M. Scarafagio, A. Tallaire, K.-J. Tielrooij, D. Cano, A. Grishin, M.-H. Chavanne, F.H.L. Koppens, A. Ringuedé, M. Cassir, D. Serrano, P. Goldner, A. Ferrier, Ultrathin Eu- and Er-Doped Y2O3 Films with Optimized Optical Properties for Quantum Technologies, The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 123 (2019) 13354-13364.
H. Zanane, M. Velázquez, D. Denux, P. Goldner, A. Ferrier, A. Kermaoui, H. Kellou, M. Lahaye, S. Buffière, and F. Weill, "Yb3+- and CaF2 nanocrystallites-containing oxyfluorogermanotellurite glass-ceramics," Opt. Mat. 90, 108–117 (2019).
D. Rudolph, T. Wylezich, A. D. Sontakke, A. Meijerink, P. Goldner, P. Netzsch, H. A. Höppe, N. Kunkel, and T. Schleid, "Synthesis and optical properties of the Eu2+-doped alkaline-earth metal hydride chlorides AE7H12Cl2 (AE = Ca and Sr)," J. Lumin. 209, 150–155 (2019).
J. Karges, P. Goldner, and G. Gasser, "Synthesis, Characterization, and Biological Evaluation of Red-Absorbing Fe(II) Polypyridine Complexes," Inorganics 2019, Vol. 7, Page 4 7, 4–15 (2019).
B. Casabone, J. Benedikter, T. Hümmer, F. Oehl, K. de O. Lima, T. W. Hänsch, A. Ferrier, P. Goldner, H. de Riedmatten, and D. Hunger, "Cavity-enhanced spectroscopy of a few-ion ensemble in Eu3+:Y2O3," New J. Phys. 20, 095006–9 (2018).
A. Tiranov, A. Ortu, S. Welinski, A. Ferrier, P. Goldner, N. Gisin, and M. Afzelius, "Spectroscopic study of hyperfine properties in 171Yb3+:Y2SiO5," Phys. Rev. B 98, 195110 (2018).
S. Liu, D. Serrano, A. Fossati, A. Tallaire, A. Ferrier, P. Goldner, "Controlled size reduction of rare earth doped nanoparticles for optical quantum technologies," RSC Advances, 8 (2018) 37098-37104.
A. Ortu, A. Tiranov, S. Welinski, F. Fröwis, N. Gisin, A. Ferrier, P. Goldner, and M. Afzelius, "Simultaneous coherence enhancement of optical and microwave transitions in solid-state electronic spins," Nat. Mater. 17, 1–6 (2018).
E. Chaudan, J. Kim, S. Tusseau-Nenez, P. Goldner, O. L. Malta, J. Peretti, and T. Gacoin, "Polarized Luminescence of Anisotropic LaPO4:Eu Nanocrystal Polymorphs," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 140, 9512–9517 (2018).
G. Lefevre, A. Herfurth, H. Kohlmann, A. Sayede, T. Wylezich, S. Welinski, P. Duarte Vaz, S. F. Parker, J. F. Blach, P. Goldner, and N. Kunkel, "Electron–Phonon Coupling in Luminescent Europium-Doped Hydride Perovskites Studied by Luminescence Spectroscopy, Inelastic Neutron Scattering, and First-Principles Calculations," J. Phys. Chem. C 122, 10501–10509 (2018).
E. Z. Cruzeiro, A. Tiranov, J. Lavoie, A. Ferrier, P. Goldner, N. Gisin, and M. Afzelius, "Efficient optical pumping using hyperfine levels in 145Nd 3+:Y 2SiO 5and its application to optical storage," New J. Phys. 20, 053013–10 (2018).
D. Serrano, J. Karlsson, A. Fossati, A. Ferrier and P. Goldner. "All-optical control of long-lived nuclear spins in rare-earth doped nanoparticles", Nature Communications 9, 2127 (2018).
E. Z. Cruzeiro, J. Etesse, A. Tiranov, P.-A. Bourdel, F. Fröwis, P. Goldner, N. Gisin, and M. Afzelius, "Characterization of the hyperfine interaction of the excited 5D0 state of Eu3+:Y2SiO5," Phys. Rev. B 97, 094416 (2018).
H.-J. Lim, S. Welinski, A. Ferrier, P. Goldner, and J. J. L. Morton, "Coherent spin dynamics of ytterbium ions in yttrium orthosilicate," Phys. Rev. B 97, 064409 (2018).
N. Kunkel and P. Goldner, "Recent Advances in Rare Earth Doped Inorganic Crystalline Materials for Quantum Information Processing," Z. anorg. allg. Chem. 644, 66–76 (2018).
A. Ferrier, S. Ilas, P. Goldner, and A. Louchet-Chauvet, "Scandium doped Tm:YAG ceramics and single crystals: Coherent and high resolution spectroscopy," J. Lumin. 194, 116–122 (2018).
R. Belhoucif, M. Velázquez, O. Plantevin, P. Aschehoug, P. Goldner, and G. Christian, “Optical spectroscopy and magnetic behaviour of Sm3+ and Eu3+ cations in Li6Eu1-xSmx(BO3)3 solid solution,” Opt. Mat., 73 (2017) 658–665.
O. Gobron, K. Jung, N. Galland, K. Predehl, R. Le Targat, A. Ferrier, P. Goldner, S. Seidelin, Y. Le Coq, Dispersive heterodyne probing method for laser frequency stabilization based on spectral hole burning in rare-earth doped crystals, Opt. Express, 25 (2017) 15539-15548.
E.Z. Cruzeiro, A. Tiranov, I. Usmani, C. Laplane, J. Lavoie, A. Ferrier, P. Goldner, N. Gisin, M. Afzelius, Spectral hole lifetimes and spin population relaxation dynamics in neodymium-doped yttrium orthosilicate, Physical Review B, 95 (2017) 205119.
V.F. Guimarães, A.D. Sontakke, L.J.Q. Maia, M. Salaün, I. Gautier-Luneau, A. Ferrier, B. Viana, A. Ibanez, Photoluminescence properties of glassy yttrium aluminum borate powders: Dopant-free phosphors for solid-state lighting, Journal of Luminescence, 188 (2017) 448-453.
J. Karlsson, N. Kunkel, A. Ikesue, A. Ferrier, P. Goldner, Nuclear spin coherence properties of 151 Eu 3+ and 153 Eu 3+ in a Y 2 O 3 transparent ceramic, Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter, 29 (2017) 125501.
J.G. Bartholomew, K. de Oliveira Lima, A. Ferrier, P. Goldner, "Optical Line Width Broadening Mechanisms at the 10 kHz Level in Eu3+:Y2O3 Nanoparticles," Nano Letters, 17 (2017) 778-787.
S. Welinski, C. W. Thiel, J. Dajczgewand, A. Ferrier, R. L. Cone, R. M. Macfarlane, T. Chanelière, A. Louchet-Chauvet, and P. Goldner, "Effects of disorder on optical and electron spin linewidths in Er3+,Sc3+:Y2SiO5," Opt. Mat. 63, 69–75 (2017).
N. Kunkel, J. Bartholomew, S. Welinski, A. Ferrier, A. Ikesue, and P. Goldner, "Dephasing mechanisms of optical transitions in rare-earth-doped transparent ceramics," Phys. Rev. B 94, 184301 (2016).
S. Welinski, A. Ferrier, M. Afzelius, and P. Goldner, “High-resolution optical spectroscopy and magnetic properties of Yb3+:Y2SiO5”, Phys. Rev. B, 94(15), 155116, oct 2016.
C. Laplane, E. Z. Cruzeiro, F. Fröwis, P. Goldner, and M. Afzelius, “High-Precision Measurement of the Dzyaloshinsky-Moriya Interaction between Two Rare-Earth Ions in a Solid,” Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 117, no. 3, p. 037203, Jul. 2016.
J. Karlsson, A. N. Nilsson, D. Serrano, A. Walther, P. Goldner, A. Ferrier, L. Rippe, and S. Kröll, "High-resolution transient and permanent spectral hole burning in Ce3+:Y2SiO5 at liquid helium temperatures," Phys. Rev. B 93, 224304 (2016)
A. Arcangeli, A. Ferrier, and P. Goldner, "Stark echo modulation for quantum memories," Phys. Rev. A 93, 062303 (2016)
V. Huet, A. Rasoloniaina, P. Guilleme, P. Rochard, P. Feron, M. Mortier, A. Levenson, K. Bencheikh, A. Yacomotti, and Y. Dumeige, "Slow-light microcavity photon lifetime enhancement," Phys. Rev. Lett. 116, 133902 (2016)
P. Jobez, N. Timoney, C. Laplane, J. Etesse, A. Ferrier, P. Goldner, N. Gisin, and M. Afzelius, "Towards highly multimode optical quantum memory for quantum repeaters," Phys. Rev. A 93, 032327 (2016).
J. G. Bartholomew, Z. Zhang, A. Di Lieto, M. Tonelli, and P. Goldner, "High resolution spectroscopy of the 7F0↔5D0 transition in Eu3+:KYF4," J. Lumin. 171, 221–225 (2016).
D. Serrano, J. Karlsson, L. Zheng, Y. Dong, A. Ferrier, P. Goldner, A. Walther, L. Rippe, and S. Kröll, "Satellite line mapping in Eu3+–Ce3+ and Pr3+–Ce3+ codoped Y2SiO5," J. Lumin. 170, 102–107 (2016).
A. Ferrier, B. Tumino, and P. Goldner, "Variations in the oscillator strength of the 7F05D0 transition in single crystals," J. Lumin. 170, 406–410 (2016).
R. R. Pereira, F. T. Aquino, A. Ferrier, P. Goldner, and R. R. Gonçalves, "Nanostructured rare earth doped Nb2O5: Structural, optical properties and their correlation with photonic applications," J. Lumin. 170, 707–717 (2016).
F. T. Aquino, J. L. Ferrari, L. J. Q. Maia, S. J. L. Ribeiro, A. Ferrier, P. Goldner, and R. R. Gonçalves, "Near infrared emission and multicolor tunability of enhanced upconversion emission from Er3+–Yb3+ co-doped Nb2O5 nanocrystals embedded in silica-based nanocomposite and planar waveguides for photonics," J. Lumin. 170, 431–443 (2016).
R. Marino, I. Lorgeré, O. Guillot-Noël, H. Vezin, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, J.-L. Le Gouët, and P. Goldner, "Energy level structure and optical dephasing under magnetic field in Er3+:LiYF4 at 1.5 μm," J. Lumin. 169, 478–482 (2016).
K. de Oliveira Lima, R. Rocha Gonçalves, D. Giaume, A. Ferrier, and P. Goldner, "Influence of defects on sub-Å optical linewidths in Eu3+: Y2O3 particles," J. Lumin. 168, 276–282 (2015).
N. Kunkel, A. Ferrier, C. W. Thiel, M. O. Ramírez, L. E. Bausá, R. L. Cone, A. Ikesue, and P. Goldner, "Rare-earth doped transparent ceramics for spectral filtering and quantum information processing," APL Mater. 3, 096103–7 (2015).
P. Jobez, C. Laplane, N. Timoney, N. Gisin, A. Ferrier, P. Goldner, and M. Afzelius, "Coherent Spin Control at the Quantum Level in an Ensemble-Based Optical Memory," Phys. Rev. Lett. 114, 230502 (2015).
G. Wolfowicz, H. Maier-Flaig, R. Marino, A. Ferrier, H. Vezin, J. J. L. Morton, and P. Goldner, "Coherent Storage of Microwave Excitations in Rare-Earth Nuclear Spins," Phys. Rev. Lett. 114, 170503 (2015).
A. Tiranov, J. Lavoie, A. Ferrier, P. Goldner, V. B. Verma, S. W. Nam, R. P. Mirin, A. E. Lita, F. Marsili, H. Herrmann, C. Silberhorn, N. Gisin, M. Afzelius, and F. Bussières, "Storage of hyperentanglement in a solid-state quantum memory," Optica 2, 279–287 (2015).
K. J. Tielrooij, L. Orona, A. Ferrier, M. Badioli, G. Navickaite, S. Coop, S. Nanot, B. Kalinic, T. Cesca, L. Gaudreau, Q. Ma, A. Centeno, A. Pesquera, A. Zurutuza, H. de Riedmatten, P. Goldner, F. J. G. de Abajo, P. Jarillo-Herrero, and F. H. L. Koppens, "Electrical control of optical emitter relaxation pathways enabled by graphene," Nat. Phys. 11, 281–287 (2015).
V. Pukhkaya, P. Goldner, A. Ferrier, and N. Ollier, "Impact of rare earth element clusters on the excited state lifetime evolution under irradiation in oxide glasses," Opt. Express 23, 3270–3281 (2015).
M. Velázquez, P. Veber, G. Buşe, Y. Petit, P. Goldner, V. Jubera, D. Rytz, A. Jaffres, M. Peltz, V. Wesemann, P. Aschehough, and G. Aka, "Spectroscopic properties of newly flux grown and highly Yb3+-doped cubic RE2O3 (RE=Y, Gd, Lu) laser crystals," Opt Mat 39, 258–264 (2015).
A. Arcangeli, R. Macfarlane, A. Ferrier, and P. Goldner, "Temperature dependence of nuclear spin coherence in Eu3+:Y2SiO5," Phys. Rev. B 92, 224401 (2015).
P. Goldner, A. Ferrier, and O. Guillot-Noël, "Rare Earth-Doped Crystals for Quantum Information Processing," in Handbook on the Physics and Chemistry of Rare Earths, J.-C. G. Bünzli and V. K. Pecharsky, eds. (Elsevier, 2015), Vol. 46, pp. 1–78.
HOW TO REACH US
Dr. Philippe Goldner
Institut de Recherche de Chimie Paris
11, rue Pierre et Marie Curie
75231 Paris cedex 05
Phone: + 33 (0) 1 53 73 79 30
The Institute is hosted by Chimie ParisTech and located in the 5th district of Paris. The nearest metro station is Luxembourg on the RER B line.